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Exploring conjunctions of Venus with Jupiter

June 26 update

This won’t be the last of the updates – some additional research is still needed, but I need to pass on this one additional detail that came to my attention this morning. There actually was a Venus/Jupiter conjunction last Aug 18 which parallels the Aug 12 conjunction of 3 BC. Did anybody take notice of this event last August? It totally slipped past me, but now appears to also be a meaningful piece of the picture. Up to now it was excluded from my search by a limit on how early a conjunction could be and still count as looking ahead to the coming year. This limit needs to be reconsidered. Another piece of the picture however still stands, still telling us that this year’s Venus/Jupiter conjunctions on their own have less significance than those of 3/2 BC. That piece of the picture is that unlike 3/2 BC and several other significant BC dates, this year Jupiter was not yet close enough to Regulus for any conjunctions. I suspect that this is the key factor in the “fading” of this pattern that I see when moving forward from 3/2 BC to the present time. More research needed…

June 25 update

As I’ve continued to search out these patterns, from what I now see, I would say that astronomically the June 30 event of this year has quite a bit less significance than I initially gave it. There’s another important feature in the skies of 3/2 BC which previously I had mostly ignored. This is that there were two Venus/Jupiter conjunctions related to that year – one in the month before the year began, pointing ahead to the New Year, and one about 10 months later during that year. When the search is redone taking this into account, looking for years which share this additional feature, and at the same time backing off on some other constraints that now don’t seem necessary, I find this to provide a more meaningful set of matches during the time period from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah’s coming. The pattern is repeated one more time after 3/2 BC, in 508/509 AD, and then that series fades. This is a span of 510 years. I now take this to be the most basic unit by which to understand these series’. Another series precedes this one by 24 years, occurring in 537/536 BC and 27/26 BC and extending further into the future, reaching as far as 994/995 AD. After this the series does still continue every 510 years – but reduced now to just a single conjunction each time. It’s in this reduced form that the series reaches the present year of 2015.

As for the detail of certain conjunctions occurring at the full moon – in 1022 BC, 2 BC, and 2015 – it turns out that when we interpret the series as just a simple sequence of 510-year spans, we get a similar configuration of the moon every 510 years of the span. For example:

1022 BC – full moon 1 day after the conjunction
512 BC – full moon 1 day after the conjunction
2 BC – full moon 1 day after the conjunction
509 AD – full moon 1 day before the conjunction

The second series – the one which precedes this by 24 years – begins with the moon in a similar configuration, offset by just two days from that of the first series. This span shows a bit more variation, but still doesn’t shift by more than 2 days in a given 510 year span:

26 BC – full moon 3 days after the conjunction
485 AD – full moon 5 days after the conjunction
995 AD – full moon 5 days after the conjunction
1505 AD – full moon 3 days after the conjunction
2015 AD – full moon 1 day after the conjunction

So this correlation of the full moon with the conjunction in 2015 is really only a confirmation that we’re probably looking at the same series that the 2 BC conjunction belongs to – or one which parallels it. It’s not a unique feature highlighting this particular 2015 occurrence. It’s a feature shared by many or most members of a series, happening every 510 years.

Being just a somewhat dimmed reflection of a past event – with no new astronomical features, and some having been lost along the way, I wouldn’t take the coming conjunction to necessarily be a sign of something new about to happen. A good response as we watch would be to let it remind us of what did happen – our Messiah’s coming, and all that He has accomplished on our behalf.

But what ancient event is the 2015 occurrence actually reflecting? When we count back by 510-year spans – as already noted, we don’t exactly reach the year of the Messiah’s birth. It points us to a year which seems more likely to have been saying something like – “Look up! Take notice! The time you’ve awaited is now close at hand. Not today, or tomorrow, or even this year – but yet it’s drawing very near.”

Suppose we count back a little bit farther, by one more 510-year span, from 27/26 BC to 537/536 BC. Now where do we find ourselves? We’re now in Babylon with Daniel in the third year of Cyrus, standing on the bank of the Tigris River early that Sabbath morning at the end of his 3 weeks of mourning and prayer. Daniel had seen this Venus/Jupiter sign just 2 1/2 months before, at the start of the 5th month. And two lunar eclipses – one back in month 1 at Passover, and just recently a second one at Sukkot, in the middle of his three weeks of prayer. Now in the wee hours of the morning before sunrise on day 24 of month 7, here he stands with his companions on the river bank looking up at the stars, watching as a conjunction of Jupiter with Regulus is about to begin. He knows the Father is using these things to show him something, but isn’t exactly sure what – so he’s been seeking the Lord’s favor these three weeks – asking for the restoration of His people – and seeking to understand these heavenly signs.

What happened next was so significant that Daniel wrote it down for us:

‘I looked up and there before me was a man dressed in linen, with a belt of the finest gold around his waist. His body was like chrysolite, his face like lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and his voice like the sound of a multitude. 

I, Daniel, was the only one who saw the vision; the men with me did not see it, but such terror overwhelmed them that they fled and hid themselves. So I was left alone, gazing at this great vision; I had no strength left, my face turned deathly pale and I was helpless. Then I heard him speaking, and as I listened to him, I fell into a deep sleep, my face to the ground. 

A hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees. He said, “Daniel, you who are highly esteemed, consider carefully the words I am about to speak to you, and stand up, for I have now been sent to you.” And when he said this to me, I stood up trembling.

Then he continued, “Do not be afraid, Daniel. Since the first day that you set your mind to gain understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to them. But the prince of the Persian kingdom resisted me twenty-one days. Then Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, because I was detained there with the king of Persia. Now I have come to explain to you what will happen to your people in the future, for the vision concerns a time yet to come.” ‘

Daniel 10:5-14

And the angel proceeded to outline for Daniel and for those to whom these things would be passed on, an account of the coming of the Messiah – of the many world events that would have to occur first so that, knowing these things, they could truly recognize Him when He came. These are things which the Prince of Persia did not want anyone to know. He had fought hard to prevent this meeting from even taking place – because his best strategy against God’s people was to do all he could to hide and distort truth, and to obliterate knowledge and understanding. If they failed to recognize and acknowledge Him when He came as Messiah – then perhaps he could manipulate them to do his work for him, and get rid of this “Messiah” once and for all.

But the Lord of heaven and earth knew just exactly what was needed – and made sure that Gabriel got through with the essential bits of information that Daniel and those who came after him would need. And also by His providence, even the timing of Gabriel’s breaking through and reaching Daniel with these messages – a delay of three weeks – even this was part of His master plan, so that he could explain to Daniel the significance of this very conjunction he was now witnessing, and of the conjunction he’d observed 2 1/2 months before. The evil one had many schemes and strategies to try to derail God’s work on earth. Knowing that the Messiah was coming, the evil one would send his own false messiahs in advance, to mislead the people and fill them with enough skepticism that they’d never even listen to and recognize the truth when they heard it.

But these two heavenly signs would provide a way for His people to recognize the true Messiah when He finally came – to know with certainty that this is indeed the Savior who had been promised so long ago. They pointed ahead to two events that Gabriel had previously outlined for Daniel – first to the beginning of the seven sevens, just 24 years away now in 513/512 BC, marking one of the phases of Israel’s rebuilding after the Babylonian captivity. And then they pointed to the more distant future 510 years later, to the Messiah’s coming in 3/2 BC.

What exactly did Gabriel tell Daniel about these two signs?

We don’t have a record of that part. Whatever it was, it was carefully passed down first by Daniel and then by other wise men who followed him, so that when the time came, it was in the hands of someone who understood what it all meant – that the King of the Jews had been born. We don’t have a record of what Daniel was told about these two signs – but we can reconstruct a plausible message that would have served the purpose. “Daniel, this star that you see – Jupiter, aligned with the brightest star of the constellation Leo – at the appointed time, it will return. Not just once, but three times. Watch for this. Its first appearance will be at the new year of a Sabbath year. And just as you’ve seen this year, these things will be both preceded and followed by alignments of Jupiter with Venus.” If Daniel was given this message, that would be enough – enough to uniquely identify the year of the Messiah’s birth. And with just one small adjustment, it would also identify the beginning of the 7 sevens – something that Daniel and his companions would soon see with their own eyes. The one difference was that that triple conjunction would begin at the new year of a Jubilee year.

So… as we watch the coming conjunction of Jupiter with Venus on the evening of June 30 – how should we respond? Yes, let it remind us of all that the Messiah has already done for us. But thinking on Daniel’s experience, I’d also say – look ahead to what He has yet to accomplish in this world. Long for its fulfillment. Ask for its fulfillment – of all those things He’s promised in the Scriptures. The restoration of the nation of Israel – that His people will draw near to Him, that their hearts will be turned to Him. That they will come to know their Messiah. Isaiah 60. May those verses become a present-day reality. We know that these things will happen. Over and over again it was promised through the prophets that these things will happen.

But is it a bad thing to ask God to fulfill His promises? No. We have Daniel’s good example to follow. Daniel knew what God had promised, but yet he didn’t tell himself “Well, God is going to do what God is going to do. He doesn’t need my help.” Though Daniel knew what God had promised, he poured himself out in prayer, requesting the fulfillment of those things. This didn’t offend God. Not at all. Daniel prayed, and God responded. He honored Daniel for honoring Him. I don’t fully understand how and why it’s important that we pray, but it is. Revelation talks about the angels accomplishing important things by means of the prayers of the saints which have been carefully collected like fragrant incense. So it’s clear that our prayers are important – that they serve a real purpose in His kingdom.

So let’s draw near to Him, humble ourselves before Him, and as Daniel did, seek to understand all that He wants us to understand, so He can set our paths straight, going in exactly the directions He needs us to go – not leaning on our own understanding, which is always weak and inadequate. He’s the only One who really knows moment by moment which way we need to go.

 

June 3 (the initial writeup)

Have you heard about the conjunction of Venus and Jupiter that’s coming up at the end of this month (June 2015)? It’s an interesting event. Back on Jan 7, I got to see Venus about to be launched off by a conjunction with Mercury into its current evening star phase. The closest point of this conjunction was a few days later on Jan 10. By the end of January I was seeing two bright lights on opposite sides of the sky just after sunset, and with the help of astronomy software it was clear that what I was seeing was Venus and Jupiter, and that over the next several months they would traverse the sky, drawing closer and closer to each other until by the end of June they would be side by side, at a separation of less than a half degree. It didn’t feel like this was likely to be a particularly significant event – but certainly something worth watching for.

In the coming days I heard from a fellow researcher about this same Venus/Jupiter conjunction, drawing connections between it and the signs seen by the wise men back in 2 BC – the signs which alerted them that the king of the Jews had been born. This was interesting to hear. One of the heavenly signs that year was indeed a Venus/Jupiter conjunction, and a very special one at that, with Venus and Jupiter coming so close to each other that with the naked eye they wouldn’t have been distinguishable as two separate points of light – at a separation of only .007 degree – less than a minute of a degree, at just 27 seconds of arc.

So it was interesting, but I was skeptical. I doubted that the conjunction this year was likely to have the kind of genuine significance that was seen in the Bethlehem Star of 2 BC. The conjunction wouldn’t be nearly so close this time – at 0.33 degree this time, or about 20 minutes of arc.

And I didn’t give it any more thought until last week listening to an interview of Anne Graham Lotz – in which she too made a brief mention of this coming astronomical event, saying that Rick Larson of BethlehemStar.net had told her about it. It felt like I needed to begin taking this seriously and at least investigate. Being a skeptic isn’t necessarily a bad thing. In this world there are all sorts of fanciful ideas competing for our attention, and… it’s clear that they aren’t all true or even worthy of our attention. But a skeptic who isn’t willing to even look and consider – that’s another matter. On this particular issue it felt like I’d reached a tipping point. If Anne and Rick had embraced this as possibly being truly significant, it felt like I needed to do some serious investigation and evaluate it for myself.

After looking more closely, I’m now convinced that this is for real – and this writeup is to pass on the observations from my investigation, hopefully clearly enough that you can check them out and verify them for yourself. Here’s what I found –

In general, Venus/Jupiter conjunctions are not a rare thing. If we pay attention to all occurrences where they come within one degree of each other, we’ll find 6026 occurrences in the long time span from 5200 BC to 4200 AD. That’s about 3 occurrences every 2 years. But despite this frequent occurrence, the conjunction in 2 BC stood out as clearly special – partly because of its exceptional closeness – and partly because of other special features that helped to set it apart from all the rest.

If we consider all of these special features, applying them as constraints on exactly what occurrences we’ll pay attention to, we actually end up with a very short list of Venus/Jupiter conjunctions, occurring only about once every thousand years, and with both 2015 and the year of the Messiah’s birth included in the list. The constraints:

  1. Paying attention only to Venus/Jupiter conjunctions with a separation of 1 degree or less (6026 occurrences)
  2. Paying attention only to occurrences with a positive elongation greater than 10 degrees, meaning far enough from the Sun to be visible, and visible in the evening after sunset (reduced now to 1726 occurrences)
  3. Paying attention only to occurrences within the constellation Leo, from 24 degrees to the left of Regulus, at Leo’s tail, to 12 degrees to the right of Regulus, at Leo’s head (now just 337 occurrences)
  4. Paying attention only to occurrences in which the magnitude of Venus is -4.0 or brighter (now just 75 occurrences)
  5. Paying attention only to occurrences falling in Sabbatical years – plus the conjunction following this 83 years later, in the cases where this occurs (now just 12 occurrences)

For the defining of Sabbatical years, most scholars are in agreement on the correct alignment for the pre-exile period, so this is what I’ve used there. There’s less agreement on the correct alignment for the post-exile period. I’m following the Zuckermann alignment which certain astronomical cues have pointed out as most likely to be correct, and which makes the current year from fall 2014 to fall 2015 a Sabbatical year.

At this point, an examination of the pattern followed by the remaining short list of occurrences shows the most basic pattern to be a regular alternation between 1127 and 889 years between conjunctions, adding up to a very stable long-term period of 3143 years (1127 + 1127 + 889). This is sort of the backbone of the pattern, to which all other occurrences are attached. Trimming down the remaining list of 12 to only those occurrences which make up this backbone, we eliminate 4 more from consideration, and are left with 8 occurrences as most likely to be worthy of consideration. This is 8 occurrences when we count just the ones in Sabbatical years. You’ll also see a few extras marked as being in year 6 of the Sabbatical cycle. Each of these has been included just to help highlight the significance of the Sabbath year occurrence that happens 83 years before it, because this 83-year gap seems to be another indicator of significance – occurring only where the pattern is strongest.

Now, before showing you these 8, let me explain that the list we end up with depends on how we’ve defined the alignment of Sabbatical years, and that during the Babylonian exile there was a lapse in the counting of these years, resulting in a shift in this alignment. To get the clearest picture of the basic astronomical pattern, it’s helpful first to look at what would have been, if there had been no exile, and thus no interruption in the counting of years. So what you’ll see below is two charts – the first one showing what we would have seen if there had been no discontinuity in the counting of Sabbatical and Jubilee years; and the second one showing how the pattern is affected when the discontinuity is introduced.

For each line of data, the first number is the year of the conjunction. The numbers following this which include 49’s highlighted in a reddish brown color are indicating the point in the Jubilee cycle. Then two columns over where you see 7’s highlighted in that reddish brown color, this indicates the point in the Sabbatical cycle. Then where the green, blue, or yellow highlighting begins, the full date is shown, followed by the separation in degrees between Venus and Jupiter at this conjunction (with the closest ones highlighted by a black outline), then followed by the placement in the constellation Leo, in degrees with respect to Regulus, with placement to the left of Regulus indicated by negative numbers, and placement to the right by positive numbers.

Using the pre-exile Sabbatical/Jubilee alignment alone

for the entire time span:

0

0

-4164

B

-1

35

4

7

-4164/06/04

0.552

-18.9

Venus/Jupiter

0

-3037

B

22

35

4

7

-3037/06/18

0.150

-23.9

Venus/Jupiter

1127

0

-2148

B

40

42

5

7

-2148/06/02

0.765

-4.5

Venus/Jupiter

889

0

-2065

B

42

27

3

6

-2065/06/06

0.951

-4.4

Venus/Jupiter

83

-1021

B

63

42

5

7

-1021/06/14

0.377

-9.1

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

106

B

86

42

5

7

106/06/27

0.058

-13.6

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

995

B

104

49

6

7

995/06/11

0.572

5.7

Venus/Jupiter

889

3143

1078

B

106

34

4

6

1078/06/15

0.918

6.1

Venus/Jupiter

83

2122

B

127

49

6

7

2122/07/06

0.301

1.7

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

3249

B

150

49

6

7

3249/07/27

0.008

-2.9

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

Using the pre-exile Sabbatical/Jubilee alignment before the exile,

followed by the Zuckermann alignment after the exile:

0

12

-4164

B

-1

35

4

7

-4164/06/04

0.552

-18.9

Venus/Jupiter

0

-3037

B

22

35

4

7

-3037/06/18

0.150

-23.9

Venus/Jupiter

1127

0

-2148

B

40

42

5

7

-2148/06/02

0.765

-4.5

Venus/Jupiter

889

0

-2065

B

42

27

3

6

-2065/06/06

0.951

-4.4

Venus/Jupiter

83

-1021

B

63

42

5

7

-1021/06/14

0.377

-9.1

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

-1

B

84

21

2

7

-1/06/17

0.007

-5.9

Venus/Jupiter

1020

1020

82

B

86

6

0

6

82/06/21

0.561

-5.6

Venus/Jupiter

83

1126

B

107

21

2

7

1126/06/28

0.185

-9.9

Venus/Jupiter

1127

4163

2015

B

125

28

3

7

2015/07/01

0.334

8.5

Venus/Jupiter

889

4163

2098

B

127

13

1

6

2098/06/28

0.892

9.9

Venus/Jupiter

83

3142

B

148

28

3

7

3142/07/17

0.090

5.1

Venus/Jupiter

1127

3143

3225

B

150

13

1

6

3225/07/21

0.540

5.1

Venus/Jupiter

83

The numbers in the extra columns to the right of the chart are showing the number of years elapsed from one occurrence to the next, to help identify the nature of the pattern. The first thing to notice, indicated in the last column, is the overall stable period of 3143 years, or 449 Sabbatical cycles, from one occurrence to the next one that’s highlighted in the same color. The placement in the constellation Leo moves ahead about 10 degrees for each of these occurrences. Then in the next-to-last column we see that this 3143-year period is subdivided into three smaller periods, alternating between 1127 years (23 Jubilees) and 889 years. So there is a very regular pattern to these conjunctions, most easily recognized when looking at the first chart which doesn’t include any shift in the Sabbatical alignment. Then looking at the second chart, we see the same general pattern before and after the Babylonian exile, but with an extra 1020 years inserted at the discontinuity. Interestingly, for almost every occurrence in the first chart after (and including) the year -1021, there’s an equivalent occurrence 1020 years later in the second chart:

-1021 + 1020 => -1
106 + 1020 => 1126
995 + 1020 => 2015
1078 + 1020 => 2098
2122 + 1020 => 3142

So it really is as if 1020 years were just inserted into the pattern. Very significantly, the first conjunction after the discontinuity is an exceptionally close conjunction of just .007 degrees separation in the year -1, and this is the occurrence which marks the year of the Messiah’s birth. The next occurrence is in the year 1126 – and then the third occurrence after the discontinuity is this year, 2015. So both the conjunction at the Messiah’s birth and the one coming up later this month are members of a fairly short list, of the most significant occurrences, happening roughly every thousand years.

Pretty cool, right?

But we’re not quite done. After sorting out this short list of occurrences that are most likely to be significant, I realized that I’d neglected one factor that a fellow researcher had brought to my attention. A special feature that the 2 BC occurrence and the 2015 occurrence have in common is that they both happen at the full moon. If we evaluate all 8 occurrences in terms of the state of the moon, and then add that as one more constraint on which occurrences to pay attention to, what would we find?

Adding this new information into the list of potentially interesting Venus/Jupiter occurrences, we get this:

conjunction date the moon at its fullest
-4164/6/4 5/23  (12 days before the conjunction)
-3037/6/18 6/12  (6 days before the conjunction)
-2148/6/2  5/24  (9 days before the conjunction)
-1021/6/14  6/15  (1 day after the conjunction)
-1/6/17  6/18  (1 day after the conjunction)
1126/6/28  7/5  (7 days after the conjunction)
2015/7/1  7/2  (1 day after the conjunction)
3142/7/17  7/29  (12 days after the conjunction)

And then taking this as one more constraint, saying that what’s most likely to be genuinely meaningful is the occurrences accompanied by the full moon, our list is now trimmed down to just these three:

conjunction date the moon at its fullest
-1021/6/14  6/15  (1 day after the conjunction)
-1/6/17  6/18  (1 day after the conjunction)
2015/7/1  7/2  (1 day after the conjunction)

My thought is – wow. It’s now narrowed down to the two that we were most interested in, plus just one other. This makes the case for the significance of the 2015 occurrence all the more solid.

So… now I’d really like to know something about the year 1022 BC. It’s marked just as fully by the moon as 2 BC and 2015 AD, and it does have a rather special position, being the occurrence just preceding that most significant one which marked the Messiah’s birth. It probably did have some kind of significance in foretelling or foreshadowing what was to come. I’m not sure what would have been going on in Israel at the time. The best chronological info I have for the period, at http://creationwiki.org/Leslie_McFall, has David becoming king in 1010 BC, so it would be 12 years before that. That would be during Saul’s reign as king. Maybe during the time of Samuel? Probably after David had been anointed but while Saul was still king? It would be valuable if we could make a connection to this particular sign.

As for the event coming up at the end of this month – in terms of astronomical patterns, this year’s conjunction really does have a very close relationship to the one that marked the Messiah’s birth. I’m thoroughly convinced. Of course I can’t tell you exactly what it means – but I’m convinced that we need to be alert and listening, to discern whatever the Lord may choose to tell us about it.

And when exactly is this conjunction? Well, it depends on where we’re watching from. From Israel, Venus and Jupiter will be about equally close on the evenings of June 30 and July 1, with the closest point of the conjunction happening when it can’t be seen, on the morning of July 1. And from the US, Venus and Jupiter will be at their closest the evening of June 30. The reason that my data shows the conjunction on July 1, while the other info we’ve heard talks about June 30, is just that my searches have all been from Jerusalem’s perspective.

I like what I see at http://www.fccangels.org/index.php/ministries/prophecy-studies, a little over halfway down the page, in the announcement of the “Special Messiah’s Star Worship Service”. If I were somewhere near central California, I’d certainly join them in this, in drawing near to the Lord to let Him readily direct my path in the coming days.

June 6 update
Thinking on the coming conjunction, I’d kind of like to know… if this is such a special event – and astronomically it seems to be, then what exactly does it mean? What should it mean to us, and how should we respond? As we look ahead to this, honestly the best answer I have is still “I don’t know” – and I would like to make one suggestion. Though some of us might feel fairly certain that we know what’s ahead based on our various understandings of end-times prophecy, let’s not set our hearts on a particular interpretation. Let’s set our hearts instead on seeking Him; on drawing near to Him; and letting Him use us for His purposes.

Proverbs 19:21
“Many are the plans in a man’s heart, but it is the LORD’s purpose that prevails.”

Jeremiah 10:23
I know, O LORD, that a man’s life is not his own; it is not for man to direct his steps.

Psalm 142:3
When my spirit grows faint within me, it is you who know my way.”

Prov 3:5-6
“Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make your paths straight.”

As I’ve prayed in this past year, it feels like the central focus I’m being directed to is about His lost sheep. He is still working hard day and night to rescue every last one of them – the lost sheep of Israel; the lost sheep of Israel’s brothers the Muslims; as well as the lost sheep of the rest of the nations. May we all be mightily drawn to Him. May those who don’t yet know Him come to clearly recognize who He is. May they be drawn into a clear understanding of all that He’s done to pave the way for the restoration of their relationship with Him. May they open their hearts and run joyfully into His waiting arms. And as we draw near to Him on June 30, let’s let this be the focus of our prayers.

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